UOCAVA - Who Is Covered?

Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA)

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) ensures eligible citizens can apply to register to vote and vote by absentee ballot.

Citizens covered under UOCAVA include:

  • Absent uniformed services members
  • Absent U.S. Merchant Marine members
  • Eligible family members of the above
  • U.S. citizens residing outside the United States

Uniformed service members and their dependents residing in their voting jurisdictions are NOT covered under UOCAVA.

In 2009, the Military and Overseas Voters Empowerment Act (MOVE) Act, amended UOCAVA. The MOVE Act, among other things, requires states to send absentee ballots to absent military and overseas voters at least 45 days prior to a federal election.

Federal Voting Assistance Program (FVAP)

The Federal Voting Assistance Program (FVAP) was created to implement the requirements of UOCAVA. FVAP provides direct voter assistance to military and overseas voters regardless of their location in the world. Voting Assistance Officers, assigned to units of military installations and at each U.S. embassy or consulate, have a copy of the Voting Assistance Guide to assist uniformed and overseas citizens. A copy of the Guide may be found also on the FVAP Web site, www.fvap.gov.

Any question that cannot be answered by a Voting Assistance Officer should be directed to the Federal Voting Assistance Program at:

FVAP Web site: www.fvap.gov
E-mail: vote@fvap.gov
FPCA and FWAB printable forms